July 2009


With summer heat climbing into the 100s, everyone seems to focus on getting rid of the heat. When we’re hot, we don’t want to think, we don’t feel hungry. We want to stay cool.

Yoghurt, yogurt, youghurt, or yoghourt — however you spell it, this smooth, cool, protein-rich food is delicious on its own or as used in chilly smoothies, rich baked goods, roasted chicken and salad dressing.

And the heatwave we are experiencing provides us with the perfect conditions to make yogurt — with simple ingredients, without fancy machines or monitoring.

Ingredients/tools

Pot: A regular pot for the stove.

Glass jar: Jars should have lids and be sanitized with bleach or boiling water. You can use any size or multiple containers.

Whole milk: You can also use nonfat. For a richer yogurt, add some fresh or powdered cream.

Yogurt: This is the same type of yogurt that you enjoy eating. Make sure that the container states that the cultures in the yogurt are live and active.

Directions

  1. Pour milk or milk mixture into the pot and warm until it is about to boil. Remove from heat. For my yogurt, I used 1.5 quarts of whole milk. The amount of milk you use will be the amount of yogurt that will develop.
  2. Let milk cool to 115 degrees F.
  3. Add the yogurt labeled live and active.This is your starter culture, and it will use the sugars in the milk to multiply and turn the milk into yogurt.In the example pictures, I am using 2 tablespoons of yogurt for 1.5 quarts of whole milk. Adding more yogurt will speed up the process. Do not worry about adding too much or too little.
  4. Pour the milk/yogurt mixture into your glass container(s) and cover.
  5. Place the jar(s) in a warm spot.I keep mine in my office, which is in my attic and reaches 80 – 100 degrees in this heat. Whew! You can also place your jar(s) out in the sun, or in your car, or any place that is very warm. In a pinch, you can use a crock-pot with a light dimmer switch, or wrap the jar with a seed-warmer or heating pad.
  6. Wait 6 – 18 hours.Seriously, go away. Ride a bike. Sleep. Go shopping. It won’t explode or stink or make the cats crazy.Why such a broad range of time? The longer the yogurt is left out, the tangier and thicker it becomes. A thin, runny yogurt is great on granola or cereal. Tangy yogurt is great for adding a zip to chicken, salads, or muffins.This is a great thing about making your own food. You can make it exactly how you like it.
  7. When the yogurt is ready, chill it for at least 2 hours before devouring.Remember to save a few spoonfuls of this yogurt for Step 3, when you make your next batch.

But what to do with your yogurt?

Greek Yogurt/Yogurt Cheese: If you want to make the thick yogurt (usually labeled as Greek or European in the store containers) or yogurt cheese, spoon the chilled yogurt into a square of cheesecloth and suspend it over a bowl in the refrigerator. The excess whey will drip out, leaving the creamy, thick yogurt cheese. Yum!

In the picture above, the container on the right has a small sack of yogurt draining. After an hour, it was like Greek yogurt. I left it there all day, and the cheese was as creamy as neufchatel, with only a hint of a tang. It will be great on bagels or homemade toast.

Smoothies: Add a cup of yogurt to frozen fruit and ice for a healthy, cool breakfast.

Flavored yogurt: Be sure to reserve your spoonfuls for next time before flavoring! Try some of these flavorings in 1 cup of yogurt:

  • Honey: 1 tablespoon honey
  • Vanilla: 1 tsp. vanilla extract + 2 tsp. sugar
  • Fruit: 1/3 cup any chopped fruit or 1 tablespoon fruit preserves
  • Chocolate: 1 tablespoon hot cocoa powder
  • Maple: 1 tablespoon maple syrup
  • Tomato: 1 tablespoon tomato sauce + dash of garlic salt
  • More flavor recipes at: DVO.com

Baking: Use in place of a portion of buttermilk or cream cheese in recipes. My favorite chicken is marinated in yogurt, breaded and baked with rice. I also add yogurt to bread flour, pancakes, waffles, muffins, and substitute it in any recipe that calls for sour cream.

Do you have any favorite yogurt tips or recipes? Please comment and share!

Roo from Rabbit Haven

It’s 10:30 a.m. and Susann Brennan already has two new charges at Rabbit Haven in Gig Harbor. A tall man leaves a few bills on the kitchen table and sadly leaves. All is silent from the pet carrier, but amid the fuzzy swaddling inside, two tiny orphans sleep, unaware that they have been gifted with a rare chance to survive.

Sue let us peek at the wild baby cottontails, eyes closed and weighing in at just a few ounces each. “Lucky me,” she says. Normally, her work schedule is from 10 a.m. to 2 a.m. the next morning, but for the next month, Sue will be there every two hours, feeding the baby bunnies from tiny bottles and raising them until they can be released in the wild.

Started as a response to animal cruelty in the Northwest, Rabbit Haven began in Sue’s home, housing a few rescued rabbits. Now, the Gig Harbor facility is the largest rabbit rescue in the Northwest. It is responsible for nearly 100 rabbits and additional wildlife, running out of a remodeled barn with outdoor rabbit runs, a sick room, a bird recuperation house, fenced feral rabbit conservatory, and an off-site rabbit sanctuary where older or disabled rabbits can live out the rest of their lives. Sue also acts as a wildlife center halfway house for small animals rescued by the fire department, police and Humane Society.

Touring the Rabbit Haven is a fascinating study of large-scale semi-sufficiency. The non-profit facility runs on donations and volunteers, gaining a little extra income from rabbit boarding and Sue’s hand-sewn Bye-bye Blankets. Sue practices natural and herbal health care, and will gladly trade the amazingly fertile rabbit droppings for vegetables that she can feed to the animals in her care. From the cloudy-metallic siding of the main rabbit stalls to the large, plastic vegetable-shipping crate beds in the sick room, the originally condemned building has been renovated with recycled, unwanted, and end-lot materials into a sassy mix of traditional country and industrial style.

As we were introduced to the various little creatures, we saw the great love and care that is given to each rescued animal. Each rabbit has his or her own personality. They all have sad back stories; Strawberry was born deformed from sloppy breeding and on sale in a pet shop, Lola was abandoned in a field and attacked by dogs. Purfect’s owners couldn’t care for her anymore.

They came in sick, mean, lonely or scared, and Sue and her volunteers at Rabbit Haven have given them a second chance, providing a safe, loving environment to rehabilitate them and get them ready for their new forever homes with adoptive parents. With the care received, these rabbits wiggle and play. They are curious and gentle. Their fur is bright and soft.

Rabbit Haven provides boarding services for rabbits — free boarding for military — as well as giving classes and information on how to build an enjoyable relationship with your pet rabbit. They also offer adoption, if the prospective person can provide two main qualities:

  • One is that an adult wants to be the one to care and love the rabbit. Rabbits can live as long as cats. Children lose interest and all too often, a rabbit is later abandoned, abused, or given away.
  • The second is that the rabbit will be given at least the same quality of life found at the facility. The rabbits are fed a mix of fresh and pellet food, have interaction, and are given lots of space to hop and play.

Sue explained that nearly 1/3 of the people who apply to adopt one of the rabbits do not qualify. Rabbit Haven rehabilitates rabbits that were ignored, unwanted or abused, and part of the facility’s mission is to educate and ensure that the quiet herbivores are never neglected again.

Could a rabbit be for you? Rabbits need companionship, patience, room to hop and a quiet environment. They can live as long as a cat, so it is a long-term responsibility. They need to be trained and treated differently than most “common” pets — the process is not intuitive, but resources are easy to find. The smaller the rabbit breed, the more active; dwarf bunnies go into frenzies and need to play a lot, while giant bunnies are slower and eat much more. They don’t like to be picked up and cuddled, but once you win them over, they will come over to lay with you, be petted, interact, and play their rabbit games with you.

Rabbits can be trained to use a litter box, and all rabbit droppings are magical for the garden. They do not need to be composted; just spread, plant, and watch the plants go crazy. Plant a few carrots for the bunny and complete the natural cycle.

If a rabbit sounds like the perfect pet for you, or if you’re not sure, visit Rabbit Haven and talk with Sue or one of her volunteers. They will gladly answer questions and, if you find the perfect bunny, they will support you through the process of getting to know each other. They even have a visitor’s room where you can interact with the bunny of your choice on a one-to-one basis.

And if you visit this month, you might also see those adorable baby wild rabbits before they are returned to their forest.